Misinformation and Disinformation Resources
On Bullshit by Harry G Frankfurt
"With his characteristic combination of philosophical acuity, psychological insight, and wry humor, Frankfurt proceeds by exploring how bullshit and the related concept of humbug are distinct from lying...
Frankfurt concludes that although bullshit can take many innocent forms, excessive indulgence in it can eventually undermine the practitioner's capacity to tell the truth in a way that lying does not. Liars at least acknowledge that it matters what is true. By virtue of this, Frankfurt writes, bullshit is a greater enemy of the truth than lies are."
On Rumors by Cass R. Sunstein
"In On Rumors, Cass Sunstein uses examples from the real world and from behavioral studies to explain why certain rumors spread like wildfire, what their consequences are, and what we can do to avoid being misled. In a new afterword, he revisits his arguments in light of his time working in the Obama administration."
Fact Checking Resources
Overviews of Fake News
Fact checking won't save us from fake news - fivethirtyeight
Trust, misinformation, and the declining use of social media for news: Digital News Report 2018 - Reuters Institute and University of Oxford (2018)
Tracking Trump-era assault on press norms - Columbia Journalism Review (2017)
Evaluating Information: The Cornerstone of Civic Online Reasoning - Stanford University (2016)
Many Americans Believe Fake News is Sowing Confusion - Pew Research Center (2016)
University of Michigan's 'Iffy Quotient' shows steady drop of questionable information on social media, partners with NewsGuard for better data (2019)
Curated by Grayce Mores