With current climate change, monster hurricanes are becoming more frequent and destructive, and they present a real threat to life and property. My team’s research at the Windstorm Impact, Science and Engineering (WISE) program aims at creating knowledge to build the more resilient and sustainable infrastructure along the coast, to enhance safety and reduce the huge cost of rebuilding after windstorms. Our research focuses on the reliable characterization of wind impact on the built environment, in addition to innovative mitigation strategies. Potential applications include the design aspects of the infrastructure for windstorm: residential homes, offshore structures, bridges, transportation infrastructure, energy infrastructure (wind turbines, solar panels, and petrochemical structures), etc. The research activities are beneficial for students, as they provide potential opportunities to learn with direct involvement in real-world projects. The research findings are directly applicable to solving challenging industry issues, fine tune design codes, give coastal residents options for making their dwellings more storm resistant, and improving hurricane protection policies. The WISE Lab offers the following resources to research and industry:
- Aerodynamic Testing at High Reynolds Number.
- Aeroelastic Testing.
- Wind Load Analysis.
- Structural Dynamic Analysis.
- Damping Solutions.
- Coastal Protection and Rehabilitation.
- Resilient, Recoverable and Sustainable Built and Natural Environments that Meet Community Objectives along the Coast.
- Methods and Technology to Quantify and Forecast Infrastructure Resistance and Vulnerability.
- Wind Engineering: Experimental/computational multiscale assessment of windstorms impact on the built environment, wind tunnel testing, physical modeling of the atmospheric boundary layer, open-jet testing, hurricane wind simulation, large and full-scale testing, bluff body aerodynamics, tornado, and down-burst effects on structures, computational fluid dynamics (CFD).
- Heat Islands under Climate Change.
- Performance and Resiliency Enhancement of the Built Environment for Coastal Hazards, for new and existing infrastructure: low-rise buildings, tall buildings, bridges, power transmission lines and towers, solar panels, wind turbines, offshore structures, green building envelope, etc.
- Structural Dynamics/Control and Hazard Mitigation under Extreme wind and Earthquake Loads: smart structures, magneto-rheological fluid dampers, passive/active tuned mass dampers, pounding tuned mass dampers, semi-active bracing systems, dissipative and probabilistic methods for semi-active control design.
- Codification of Environmental Loads on Structures: Wind Speed-Up Factors, and Wind Loads.
- Renewable Energy: Solar Panels and Arrays, and Wind Turbines.
- Bridge Scour: Modeling and Countermeasures.
- Structural Health Monitoring and Smart Detection Systems for Transportation Infrastructure and Traffic Control.
- Over height Vehicles Impact Avoidance and Incident Detection Systems.