CAPE Version 1.1

The Clinical Assessment of Prosocial Emotions: Version 1.1 (CAPE 1.1 )  is a copyright protected clinician rating system for assessing the construct of callous-unemotional (CU) traits that form the specifier “with Limited Prosocial Emotions” in the criteria for Conduct Disorder in the 5th Edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013).  The CAPE 1.1 assesses CU traits consistent with the way that it is defined by the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU) but allowing for clinicians to obtain richer information than can be gained from rating scales, to help in making diagnostic decisions based on the DSM-5 criteria.

The CAPE 1.1 is a clinical assessment system that is under development.   That is, the method of assessment used by the CAPE 1.1 was guided by current research on the most critical indicators of CU traits and by many years of clinical experience working with children, adolescents, and their families.  A few published studies supporting the initial validity of the CAPE 1.1 are provided below.  While the CAPE 1.1 is being developed, users must obtain permission from Paul Frick (, show how they will accomplish the necessary training and supervision required to administer the CAPE 1.1, and agree to provide Dr. Frick with any published data involving the CAPE 1.1, so that a clinical database on the CAPE 1.1 can be developed.  The current version of the CAPE Manual can be downloaded here free of charge.

Published Studies using the CAPE 1.1.

Goetz, C.M, Miller, T.A., & Frick, P.J. (2024).  The Clinical Assessment of Prosocial Emotions (CAPE): Initial tests of reliability and validity in a clinic-referred sample of children and adolescents. Psychological Assessment. 

 Hawes, D.J., Kimonis, E.R., Diaz, A.M., Frick, P.J., & Dadds, M.R. (2020).  The Clinical Assessment of Prosocial Emotions (CAPE 1.1):  A multi-informant validation study. Psychological Assessment, 32, 348-357.

Neo, B., Fleming, G.E., Kaouar, S., Chan, M.E., Huan, N.N. Hawes, D.J., Eapen, V., Briggs, N., & Kimonis, E.R. (2023). Clinical utility of diagnosing limited prosocial emotions in young children using the Clinical Assessment of Prosocial Emotions (CAPE). Psychological Assessment, 35, 1085-1097.

Molinuevo, B., Martinez-Membrives, E., Pera-Guardiola, V, Requena, A., Torrent, N., Bonillo, A., Batalla, I., Torrubia, R., & Frick, P.J. (2020).  Psychometric properties of the Clinical Assessment of Prosocial Emotions:   Version 1.1 (CAPE 1.1) in young males who were incarcerated. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 47, 547-563.